400 Blows, The (1959)

400 Blows, The (1959)

“I can’t live with my parents now after what’s happened… I have to disappear.”

A mischievous teen (Jean-Pierre Leaud) in 1950s Paris repeatedly gets in trouble with his strict teacher (Guy Decomble) and his clueless parents (Claire Maurier and Albert Remy), and tries to run away; eventually, he’s sent to an institution for juvenile delinquents.

Genres, Themes, Actors, and Directors:

  • Coming of Age
  • Family Problems
  • Francois Truffaut Films
  • French Films
  • Juvenile Delinquents
  • Runaways

Response to Peary’s Review:
As Peary notes, Francois Truffaut’s extraordinary semi-autobiographical debut film features “beautiful camera work”, countless “classic moments”, and marvelous performances (especially by young Jean-Pierre Leaud as Truffaut’s alter-ego, Antoine Doinel). A favorite of many film fanatics (including me), it’s difficult to describe just how powerful The 400 Blows really is. Scene after scene (see Redeeming Qualities and Moments below) is a bittersweet delight — as Peary writes, the film is a “tender look at children with [a] universal message [and] much wit”, yet Doinel’s plight “is extremely sad”. Doinel tries his best to survive in the world of adults, yet seems destined to fail or be “caught” no matter how noble his intentions (who can’t relate to this sense of powerlessness from their own childhood?).

Truffaut brought Doinel/Leaud back for four sequels: the short film “Antoine and Colette” (part of Love at Twenty, 1962); the delightfully quirky Stolen Kisses (1968); the melancholy Bed and Board (1970); and the disappointing Love on the Run (1979). The first, however, remains the best of them all.

Redeeming Qualities and Moments:

  • Jean-Pierre Leaud as Antoine
  • Claire Maurier as Antoine’s well-meaning but ultimately clueless mother
  • Albert Remy as Antoine’s stepfather
  • Guy Decomble as Antoine’s irritable teacher
  • Patrick Auffay as Antoine’s loyal pal, Rene
  • A powerful look at the effects of dysfunctional family life on a young boy
  • Antoine’s classmate struggling with an uncooperative inkwell during a dictation exercise
  • Antoine taking a joyful ride on a spinning machine at the fair
  • Antoine’s classmates drifting away from their P.E. teacher’s line, cluster by cluster
  • The faces of young children enjoying a puppet show
  • Antoine’s candid reform school interview with an off-screen counselor
  • Henri Decae’s luminous b&w cinematography
  • Excellent use of real-life settings, particularly Parisian streets
  • The opening tracking shot
  • The final haunting image
  • John Constantin’s lilting score

Must See?
Definitely. This masterpiece of the French New Wave merits multiple viewings, and may well become a personal favorite.


  • Foreign Gem
  • Genuine Classic
  • Historically Relevant
  • Important Director

(Listed in 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die)


One thought on “400 Blows, The (1959)

  1. A must. A classic. Among Truffaut’s most satisfying work and, I agree, the best of the Antoine films.

    As stated in the assessment (which I read after revisiting the film – I mention that because similar points stood out for me as well), Decae’s photography is extraordinary; working, no doubt, in close association with the director, we get a marvelous valentine to the city of Paris and its scope. (Though I don’t think I have seen any film set in Paris that has been a completely satisfying document of that awesome city, this film is among the few that come very close.)

    As well, there is a wealth of wonderful moments: among my favorites (a few of them already mentioned) – Antoine copying a friend’s mother’s ‘sick note’ and forgetting to change his friend’s name; Antoine plagiarizing Balzac, then defending his ‘work’ in a bold-faced manner; the accidental fire; the angelic, enraptured faces of an audience of children at a puppet show. Perhaps my favorite scene is near the end, in which the camera stays directly on Antoine as he explains how he got started in life.

    I think ‘The 400 Blows’ is more successful as a mood piece than as narrative. There’s a stream-of-consciousness quality here – appropriately so; that could very well be the intent. But perhaps that’s why – while I’m in overall agreement with the assessment given and I admire the film – it’s not a particular favorite. I could have less inclination to return to films that are episodic. I recall when I first saw ‘The 400 Blows’, and it had a particular power for me. Somehow I don’t feel that same, or similar, power when I go back to it.

    But that’s not the fault of the film.

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