Night at the Opera, A (1935)

Night at the Opera, A (1935)

“I’d give you my seat, but I’m sitting here.”

A huckster (Groucho Marx) hired by a would-be socialite (Margaret Dumont) to help her enter high society convinces her to invest $200,000 in an opera production, whose snooty manager (Sig Ruman) hires an arrogant opera star (Walter Woolf King) as his lead singer. Meanwhile, a talented tenor (Allan Jones) in love with the singer (Kitty Carlisle) coveted by King strives for his big break, helped by Chico and Harpo Marx.

Genres, Themes, Actors, and Directors:

  • Comedy
  • Let’s-Put-On-a-Show
  • Marx Brothers Films
  • Opera
  • Sam Wood Films

Response to Peary’s Review:
Peary argues that this “most famous and popular film” by the Marx Brothers “isn’t on the level of Duck Soup (few comedies are) but is still a comic masterpiece”; however, I’ll admit I’m one of those who actually prefer this more narratively-driven outing (indeed, it’s probably my favorite of their entire oeuvre). Peary notes that “while the individual comedy scenes are as zany as anything in the Marx Brothers'” output, “the overall picture is more structured”, and — thanks in large part to the assistance of Irving Thalberg, who was hoping to help the brothers reach a more mainstream audience — “the storyline makes more sense”. He calls out some of the film’s “many hilarious sequences”, starting with the classic “opening in which Groucho explains to Dumont that he’d kept her waiting for two hours in a restaurant because he was dining at the next table with a woman who reminded him of her”. (This scene — which was originally preceded by a three-minute musical number on the streets of Italy — always has me immediately in stitches; what a wham-bam start to the film!) He goes on to list, among others, the scene in which “Groucho and Chico agree on a contract by ripping it to shreds” (equally hilarious); the film’s “most famous scene” (in which “everyone imaginable crowds into Groucho’s tiny stateroom”); and the classic “opera finale”, during which true Marxian mayhem ensues.

Having seen this classic several times now, I only have minor complaints to register. While the first half of the film offers practically non-stop merriment (this is where the majority of the best scenes occur), the second half is less laugh-out-loud hilarious. Meanwhile, Dumont’s archetypical foil has been better served elsewhere; other than the wonderful opening sequence, she doesn’t really get enough of a chance to interact with Groucho, and she far too quickly becomes unsympathetic. Finally, the entire subplot between Carlisle, Jones, and King is (naturally) rather pedestrian, and definitely slows down the comedic pacing — though it could be argued that this helps to space out the comedic mayhem. A final note: now that I’ve finished reviewing all the Marx Brothers films in Peary’s book, I must admit that I don’t think I’ve ever had a harder time succinctly synopsizing the plots of a given set of “narratives” — in part, I think, because the characters played by the three brothers don’t really possess discrete titles or roles. I mean, what type of livelihood would you assign to any of them here? Groucho comes closest to being able to draft a resume, as a sort of “high society agent”, but how exactly would you label Chico or Harpo’s roles (here and in other films), other than “friendly assistants”? Indeed, it seems that they always managed to maintain their anarchical “otherness” even in the midst of supposed societal sanity.

Redeeming Qualities and Moments:

  • The hilarious opening scene between Groucho and Dumont:

    “When I invite a woman to dinner I expect her to look at my face. That’s the price she has to pay.”

  • The “party of the first part” contract scene: “You can’t fool me — there ain’t no Sanity Clause!”
  • The classic “stuffed stateroom” scene
  • The zany closing opera debacle

Must See?
Yes, as a genuine comedy classic. Nominated by Peary as one of the Best Films of the Year in his Alternate Oscars.


  • Genuine Classic

(Listed in 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die)


One thought on “Night at the Opera, A (1935)

  1. Not a must – but that won’t stop Marx Brothers fans; others may find it overrated. Or not. But I do.

    It has always seemed to me that ‘A Night at the Opera’ and ‘A Day at the Races’ are the two films that most film audiences identify the Marx Brothers with. I hadn’t seen either film in years, so it was interesting to go back. Having just revisited ‘Races’, I find ‘Opera’ to be a much weaker film by comparison. ‘Races’ has a more cohesive feel to it (tho I realize that ‘cohesion’ is not a prerequisite for the Brothers) and a more satisfying progressive build. I think it’s also much funnier.

    Yes, the opening scene of ‘Opera’ has a few mildly funny lines. (And Harpo is adorable in the dressing room scene, where he is revealed to be wearing costume over costume – one of those a dress!) That takes us to the ‘contract scene’ between Groucho and Chico – which essentially only has a great punchline. For me, the film doesn’t take off until midway, with the justifiably famous scene that has scads of people squeezing into Groucho’s stateroom. This sequence is indeed a visual gem; it doesn’t need to have funny lines (although Groucho has some fun quips) – it’s just charming zaniness. From there the film maintains momentum for a bit as it segues into a few musical numbers: Chico’s lovely and playful rendition of ‘All I Do Is Dream Of You’, Harpo on harp, and Allan Jones (again with his precise and melodious musical phrasings) leading with ‘Cosi Cosa’.

    For me, unfortunately, the film then starts to slide and lose its grip. The “opera debacle” may be a big splash of a finale but I find it lacks payoff since the film is unbalanced at that point.

    ‘Opera’ is also generally lacking in the department of its supporting players. It’s true that Dumont doesn’t really shine here. And Carlisle barely registers (did she make any other film of real note?).

    I sort of cringed when I saw George S. Kaufman listed as the main writer. Kaufman had a very strong career in comedy in his day – but his style hasn’t really aged that well.

    This is a film I keep wanting to be better than it really is.

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