Grand Illusion / Grande Illusion, La (1937)

Grand Illusion / Grande Illusion, La (1937)

“Frontiers are an invention of men; nature doesn’t give a hoot.”

During World War One, an aristocratic French captain (Pierre Fresnay) bonds with his German captor (Eric von Stroheim) while secretly making plans with his fellow POWs (including Jean Gabin and Marcel Darlio) to escape.

Genres, Themes, Actors, and Directors:

  • Class Relations
  • Erich von Stroheim Films
  • Escape
  • French Films
  • Jean Gabin Films
  • Jean Renoir Films
  • Prisoners of War
  • World War One

Response to Peary’s Review:
Peary argues that this classic wartime drama by Jean Renoir is a “heartfelt cry for an end to wars, which are casually undertaken at the expense of the natural bond among all men.” Indeed, Renoir’s tale of the “respectful relationship” between two “cultured and aristocratic” career soldiers who “believe war can be carried out in a chivalrous manner” is somewhat heartbreaking in its naivete, given that war is “simply too cruel” for such a noble sentiment; despite being “treated well” by their captors, the prisoners know they must escape, and they risk their lives repeatedly to do so.

A number of memorable, powerful sequences are sprinkled throughout the film — including, as noted by Peary, the scene in which a soldier “dresses up like a female for a variety show, [and] all the men silently stare at him, thinking about the women the war has taken from them”:

and the moment when “Russian prisoners receive textbooks and cookbooks instead of the expected food from their insensitive empress”.

The final “act” of the film — once Gabin and Dalio have escaped and found refuge in the home of a German farm woman (Dito Parlo) — takes on a decidedly different tone from what’s come before; Renoir seems determined to show an idealized alternative to war, in which a French soldier and a German woman can fall in love “despite not knowing each other’s languages”. I have mixed feelings about this sudden shift in narrative and mood, but it’s lovely to see Parlo (so memorable in Jean Vigo’s L’Atalante) in another significant role.

Redeeming Qualities and Moments:

  • A powerful portrait of humanity in the midst of war

Must See?
Yes, as an enduring classic. Nominated as one of the best movies of the year in Peary’s Alternate Oscars book.


  • Genuine Classic
  • Important Director

(Listed in 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die)


2 thoughts on “Grand Illusion / Grande Illusion, La (1937)

  1. A must for its historical significance as a classic, and for its main theme.

    ‘Grand Illusion’ is one of those movies that most serious (at least intellectual) film fanatics consider must-see as a great film in itself.

    I can see that and understand why it’s held in such high regard. However, as a satisfying cinema experience, I find it a little soft, a little lacking in overall impact. (I’m tempted to think that more of the film’s impact may have been apparent when the film was first released, considering the countries involved, etc.)

    It’s an intelligent film, and clearly the work of a sincere humanist. But it’s more the idea of the film that stands out here – rather than the acting or direction – so, while I admire its quiet, understated quality, even as a character-driven piece I find it wanting in dramatic thrust. (Of the performances, von Stroheim comes off as the most compelling and complex, even if his character exists in a bit of a vacuum dramatically.)

    The floor show is a nice touch, of course. It seems you can’t go wrong with men in dresses.

    I’ve seen this twice now. I’ll admit it’s required viewing. But I’m not all that enthusiastic about it as a preferred Renoir film.

Leave a Reply